By John Horman
This publication uncovers an early choice of sayings, referred to as N, which are ascribed to Jesus and are just like these present in the Gospel of Thomas and in Q, a rfile believed to be a typical resource, with Mark, for Matthew and Luke. within the procedure, the publication sheds mild at the literary equipment of Mark and Thomas. A literary comparability of the texts of the sayings of Jesus that seem in either Mark and Thomas indicates that every tailored an previous assortment for his personal goal. Neither Mark nor Thomas constantly provides the unique or earliest type of the shared sayings; therefore, Horman states, each one used and tailored an previous resource. shut verbal parallels among the models in Mark and Thomas exhibit that the resource was once written in Greek. Horman’s end is this universal resource is N.
This inspiration is new, and has implications for all times of Jesus examine. prior study on sayings attributed to Jesus has taken care of Thomas in a single of 2 methods: both as an self sufficient circulate of Jesus sayings written with out wisdom of the recent testomony Gospels and or as a later piece of pseudo-Scripture that makes use of the hot testomony as resource. This booklet rejects either perspectives.
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Extra info for A Common Written Greek Source for Mark and Thomas
Th. 47:2, “a slave cannot serve two masters,” is joined to 47:1 by auw, and could have been the model for 47:1 since, at least in Coptic, both begin with the same words, m@n Gom @nte, presumably in both cases translating #½ E - , “cannot,” followed by a subject with an indefinite article and infinitive. Thomas includes an explanation in 47:2 similar to the explanation in Q (Lk. 16:13/Mt. , hating one and loving the other, or adhering to one and despising the other). ), “one will honour”/“one will insult”).
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The unnamed questioners of Mk. 2:18 are said in Mt. 9:14 to be John’s disciples. Matthew also clearly marks this question as a separate item; the disciples of John come after the discussion about eating with sinners. Within the apophthegm itself, Matthew (and Luke as well) omits Mk. 2:19b. 4 Since, however, the relation between prayer and fasting is banal (Lk. 2:37, Mk. 9:29, Did. 8, Mt. 6:5–18,Th. 6:1, 14:1–2), the reference to prayer could easily have been added independently by Luke and Thomas.
A Common Written Greek Source for Mark and Thomas by John Horman