Download PDF by Mark D. Groover: An Archaeological Study of Rural Capitalism and Material

By Mark D. Groover

ISBN-10: 0306475022

ISBN-13: 9780306475023

ISBN-10: 0306479176

ISBN-13: 9780306479175

Historic archaeology has principally concerned with the learn of early army websites and houses of higher category. learn on decrease periods was once seen as a complement to neighborhood histories documenting political, army and fiscal leaders of the 18th and nineteenth centuries. An Archaeological research of Rural Capitalism and fabric existence should be of curiosity to old archaeologists, cultural anthropologists, social historians, and ancient sociologists, in particular researchers learning the impact of globalization and monetary improvement upon rural areas like Appalachia.

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Additional info for An Archaeological Study of Rural Capitalism and Material Life: The Gibbs Farmstead in Southern Appalachia, 1790-1920 (Contributions To Global Historical Archaeology)

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Agricultural production and domestic life are likewise significantly influenced by new technology (Cabak and Inkrot 1997; Cabak et al. 1999). Family Cycles and Household Succession The interrelated concepts of medium-duration history and temporal process developed by the Annales School provide a sound starting point for reconstructing material life and the temporal dynamics that unfolded at the Gibbs site. However, to assemble a framework that can serve to effectively delineate interplay between temporal process and material life associated with the farmstead that is useful for historical archaeology, then even finer-grained analytical concepts and temporal scales are required.

Further, historical records usually do not exist for many of the periods and segments of society of interest to historical archaeologists, social historians, and sociologists. For early periods in specific areas, such as the frontier era in East Tennessee from ca. 1780 to 1820, beyond very minimal archival data, archaeological information often represents one of the primary information sources pertaining to material life and living conditions. Due to these considerations, it is argued that world systems theory is a particularly appropriate model for interpreting the rural economy and material life associated with sites previously occupied by farm families.

The same method could also be used to link generational sequences to shifts in middens and the use of specific types of portable material culture, such as changes in the use of utilitarian and refined ceramics. Based on the results of historical and ethnographic rural research (Colman and Gould 1984; Henretta 1978; Salamon 1992), within this study it is proposed that a source of household discord was tension over decision-making authority between senior and junior family members. Moreover, this often-subtle form of conflict is seen to usually center upon the tension and conflicting emotions generated by both the maintenance and inevitable relinquishment of household control by parents to their adult offspring.

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An Archaeological Study of Rural Capitalism and Material Life: The Gibbs Farmstead in Southern Appalachia, 1790-1920 (Contributions To Global Historical Archaeology) by Mark D. Groover

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