By Anthony Parsons
The Antarctic Treaty, arrange in 1961 to supply a method for dealing with diplomacy in Antarctica, could be reviewed in 1991. This booklet considers the query of the region's destiny with the evergrowing overseas curiosity within the region as a resource of vital mineral assets. during this well timed survey, a research staff introduced jointly through the David Davies Memorial Institute of foreign experiences seems to be on the political and environmental questions raised by way of the possibly conflicting curiosity in Antarctica: what are the stresses inner and exterior, at the Antarctica Treaty approach, and will it increase to deal with them? If no longer, what's the most likely political outlook for Antarctica? including The Antartic Treaty Regime, edited by means of Gillian Triggs(CUP, 1987), which describes the elements of the Antartic Treaty method, Cambridge bargains and authoritative foundation for the learn of the Antartic Treaty and its destiny.
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Additional info for Antarctica: The Next Decade: Report of a Group Study Chaired by Sir Anthony Parsons (Studies in Polar Research)
A State may have an interest in a study of the The Antarctic Treaty II 25 environment, which may or may not be related to its mining and processing interests. Other States with global military interests may find a detailed knowledge of the terrain and conditions of the Antarctic essential to their overall strategies. There are, in addition, some seven claimant States with interests in seeking recognition of their claims to sovereignty over parts of the Antarctic and their resources and, in the case of claimant States located relatively close to the Antarctic, with national security interests as well.
The policies of the industrialised countries derive from internal economic and political situations requiring that their governments respond effectively and without delay. While they may take into account their perception of the 'community interest' in the resource, the most pressing duty for a representative of an industrialised country at a conference would be to ensure that the expressed requirements of a constituent, such as an industry on which the health of the country's economy depends, should be met.
Living resource conservation - the Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR), with its consensus decision-making, should be modified so that the aspirations of Article II of the Convention are realised. Looking at the concerns of specific organisations, Greenpeace has stated:2 While recognising that it has some weaknesses, Greenpeace supports the Antarctic Treaty system [emphasis added]. There are several aspects of the Treaty which are extremely good which could not be renegotiated in the present climate of international relations.
Antarctica: The Next Decade: Report of a Group Study Chaired by Sir Anthony Parsons (Studies in Polar Research) by Anthony Parsons