By Boris Popivanov, Andreas Umland
"Is Bulgaria's Left heading in the direction of decomposition or to a brand new identification? Popivanov bargains a very good analytical answer."?Georgi Karasimeonov, Professor of Political technology at Sofia college
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Additional resources for Changing Images of the Left in Bulgaria: The Challenge of Post-Communism in the Early 21st Century
In a way, the varieties of the West European left became models against which successor parties had to be measured, taking into account the specifics of national traditions and culture. The division between moderate and radical left in post-communist conditions has become established in the literature among the most widely held interpretations of the trajectory of development of the post-communist left. According to Curry and Urban's (2003) key argument, the line of demarcation among CSPs is the division between social democrats and neo-Leninists.
The expressions 'communist party' and 'communist rule' however were not used at all. Social services were made conditional on future growth of the economy. The ideas in the platform sounded extremely general and could be understood only against the backdrop of the messages issued by then dominating anti-communist formations. When the Alliance called for equal weight of the types of property (state, private or cooperative), that was because Solidarity had brought private property to the front. When the Alliance called for freedom of religious confession, that was because Solidarity had embarked on a campaign of imposing Catholic norms and rituals in public life.
The cracking of Marxism-Leninism's dogmatic shell required—at least as official programs are concerned—a re-evaluation within each of those parties. The new orientation of CEE countries towards West European models of political democracy and market economy revived the significance of historical divisions in the left that had been long suppressed in the former Eastern Bloc by the hegemony of the Marxist-Leninist version of the left. In a way, the varieties of the West European left became models against which successor parties had to be measured, taking into account the specifics of national traditions and culture.
Changing Images of the Left in Bulgaria: The Challenge of Post-Communism in the Early 21st Century by Boris Popivanov, Andreas Umland