By Cindy Yik-yi Chu (auth.)
This publication examines chinese language Communist actions in Hong Kong from the outbreak of the Sino-Japanese battle in 1937 to the handover in 1997. It finds a weird a part of chinese language Communist historical past, and lines six many years of dazzling united entrance among the chinese language Communists and the Hong Kong tycoons and upper-class enterprise elite.
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Extra info for Chinese Communists and Hong Kong Capitalists: 1937–1997
In the late 1930s, they set up united front organizations in Hong Kong to channel resources for the war effort. After 1949, many people returned to mainland China with the hope of contributing to the construction of the new country. When China shut its doors to the world during the Cultural Revolution (1966–1976), Hong Kong was the only opening through which it could obtain foreign 24 CHINESE COMMUNISTS AND HONG KONG CAPITALISTS currency and material goods. 1 Many factors have contributed to Hong Kong’s prosperity, the most often cited being the colonial administration in the prehandover period and hardworking character of the local people.
While the expression “united front” had always been Communist terminology, the publicity work of Guomindang actually represented the same principle, with the objective of rallying support for their own cause. The origins of Guomindang newspapers in Hong Kong date back to the time of the Guangdong warlord Chen Jiongming, who sponsored Zhongguo xinwenbao [China news]. The newspaper was run by Chen Qiulin, who later revolted against his leader and was appointed to Guomindang’s supervisory committee.
HK Xinhua promoted the Communist effort and competed with the Guomindang news agency in reporting the military situation to overseas spectators. 5 Immediately after its establishment in 1947, HK Xinhua launched united front work in the commercial and industrial sectors of Hong Kong. 6 It was to open up this field of work that had been temporarily halted during the Japanese occupation following the escape from Hong Kong of Chinese Communists and intellectuals led by Liao Chengzhi. With the Communist front of HK Xinhua in Hong Kong, the work with local capitalists moved into high gear.
Chinese Communists and Hong Kong Capitalists: 1937–1997 by Cindy Yik-yi Chu (auth.)