By David G. Anderson
The center Holocene epoch (8,000 to 3,000 years in the past) was once a time of dramatic adjustments within the actual global and in human cultures. throughout this span, weather conditions replaced quickly, with cooling within the excessive to mid-latitudes and drying within the tropics. in lots of elements of the realm, human teams turned extra advanced, with early horticultural structures changed through in depth agriculture and small-scale societies being changed by way of higher, extra hierarchial organisations. weather switch and Cultural Dynamics explores the reason and impression courting among climatic swap and cultural changes around the mid-Holocene (c. 4000 B.C.).* Explores the function of climatic switch at the improvement of society world wide* Chapters aspect assorted nation-states* Co-written through famous archaeologists and paleoclimatologists for non-specialists
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Extra resources for Climate Change and Cultural Dynamics: A Global Perspective on Mid-Holocene Transitions
Sowers, M. Stuiver, K. C. Taylor, and P. U. Clark, 1997. Holocene climatic instability: A prominent, widespread event 8200 years Ago. Geology 25:483–486. Anthony, D. , 1990. Migration in archeology: The baby and the bathwater. American Anthropologist 92:895–914. Baker, P. , G. O. Seltzer, S. C. Fritz, R. B. Dunbar, M. J. Grove, P. M. Tapia, S. L. Cross, H. D. Rowe, and J. P. Broda, 2001. The history of South American tropical precipitation for the past 25,000 years. Science, 291:640–643. Bennett, K.
2002), most likely related to winter polar air outbreaks. Westerly winds over central North America strengthen ca. , 1993). At lower latitudes the RCC interval ca. , 2000). , 2001). A transition from wetter to drier conditions in northern South America occurred at the ca. 6000–5000 cal yr BP RCC. A proxy record for El Nin˜o related rainstorms from a lake in Ecuador suggest that El Nin˜o frequency increased following the ca. , 2002). This record supports western South American indicators of abrupt changes in El Nin˜o frequency, which dominates interannual–decadal climate variability in the tropical Paciﬁc.
B. Cutler, P. E. Damon, R. L. Edwards, R. G. Fairbanks, M. Friedrich, T. P. Guilderson, C. Herring, K. A. Hughen, B. Kromer, F. G. McCormac, S. W. Manning, C. B. Ramsey, R. W. Reimer, S. Remmele, J. R. Southon, M. Stuiver, S. Talamo, F. W. Taylor, J. van der Plicht, and C. Weyhenmeyer, 2004. IntCal04 terrestrial radiocarbon age calibration, 0–26 cal kyr BP. Radiocarbon 46(3):1029–1058. Richardson III, J. , 1981. Modeling the development of early complex economies on the coast of Peru: A preliminary statement.
Climate Change and Cultural Dynamics: A Global Perspective on Mid-Holocene Transitions by David G. Anderson