By R. M. W. Dixon, Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald
A supplement clause is used rather than a noun word; for instance you'll be able to say both I heard [the end result] or I heard [that England beat France]. Languages missing supplement clauses hire complementation thoughts to accomplish comparable semantic effects. exact reports of specific languages, together with Akkadian, Israeli, Jarawara, and Pennsylvania German, are framed by means of R.M. W. Dixon's creation, which units out the diversity of concerns, and his end, which attracts jointly the facts and the arguments.
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Additional info for Complementation: A Cross-Linguistic Typoloy (A Sipri Publication)
In Mokilese (Austronesian; Harrison 1976: 266–8), the grammatical element pwa functions as a clause linker ‘because, so that’ and as the marker of a Fact complement clause. It has the same form as the verb pwa ‘say’ and is probably historically derived from it. The complementizer pwa is sometimes omitted, this being particularly common after the verb pwa ‘say’. Most of the complementizer words mentioned in Chapters 2–10 have additional functions in the language. ’ In Tariana (Chapter 8), the complementizer -ka also marks a type of sequential clause.
Dixon Secondary verb must relate to a second verb (from the unrestricted set, U) through either a complement clause construction or a complementation strategy. However, a complement clause verb (and the associated complementizer) may be omissible if they would be understood by the addressee, on the basis of the context in which the utterance occurs and information which speech act participants share. One can say JohnA is beginning
Make and let in English appear to diVer from other Secondary-C verbs in that they omit to from a Potential complement clause when in active voice; compare They forced John to go and They made John go. However, the to has to be included in the passive; one must say John was made to go (by them), and not *John was made go (by them). The omission of to from an active clause with make and let is a minor matter of realization, and by no means sets them apart as a distinct set of complement-taking verbs.
Complementation: A Cross-Linguistic Typoloy (A Sipri Publication) by R. M. W. Dixon, Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald