Download e-book for iPad: Constructions and Language Change by Bergs, Alexander, Alexander Bergs

By Bergs, Alexander, Alexander Bergs

ISBN-10: 3110198665

ISBN-13: 9783110198669

Reports in diachronic linguistics more and more recognize that linguistic swap is very context-dependent and one way or the other tied to buildings as linguistic devices. this can be the 1st quantity to enquire the position of buildings and the possibility of constructional methods in linguistic switch. The contributions during this quantity include either theoretical and empirical stories, all of that are available for a common viewers. whereas a few contributions explicitly target at evaluating and unifying recommendations from either conventional grammatical theories and up to date building grammar techniques, others supply certain case reports of exemplary difficulties from a constructional perspective. The papers supply a cross-linguistic point of view and care for a couple of diversified language households, starting from Germanic to Austronesian.

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Universals in Linguistic Theory, 171–202. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Forthc Grammaticalization as optimization. ), The Emergence of Grammaticalization. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2008]) Langacker, Ronald W. 1987 Foundations of Cognitive Grammar, Vol. I. Theoretical Prerequisites. Stanford: Stanford University Press. The grammaticalization of NP of NP patterns 1991 43 Foundations of Cognitive Grammar, Vol. II. Descriptive Application. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Lehmann, Christian 1992 Word order change by grammaticalization.

Not) a shred of (see also (not) an iota/drop/jot (of)) (5) Step I , OE schrede ‘bit cut or broken off from fruit, vegetable, textile, coin, vessel’: – gif heo mei sparien eni poure schreaden ‘if she may spare any poor shreds’ (a1225 Ancrene Riwle 416 [OED]) > Step II , Partitive, 14thC: ‘small part of’: – The white brent than rede, / That of him nas founden a schrede / Bot dust ‘The white burned the red, so-that of him not-was found a shred but dust’ (= The white [dragon] burned the red so that not an iota was found of him except dust) (c1300 Arthur and Merlin 1540 [MED and OED]); the preposing and the contrast with ‘dust’ confirm the Partitive reading In the 16thC a shred of was generalized to language, mankind, nature; it was favored with but not restricted to mass nouns, and used to imply an insufficient exemplar compared to the expected norm: – Suche shredis of sentence strowed in the shop of ancient Aritippus ‘Such scraps of wisdom strewn in ancient Aritippus’ shop’ (1529 Skelton, Sp.

B. The [newly conventionalized] construction is polysemous with respect to its original meaning . . the new construction undergoes shifts in grammatical structure and behavior in keeping with its new function (Croft 2001: 127). c. Extension of constructions to new uses is a change in the distribution of that construction, and such changes are theorized to follow connected paths in conceptual space (Croft 2001: 130). 4 The grammaticalization of NP of NP patterns 27 4. 5 This syntactic string has a wide array of functions, including locative the back of the house, partitive a piece of a plate, measure a cup of tea, approximative (a) sort of a frog, and emotionally charged epithets such as an idiot of a teacher, as well as subjective genitives like a painting of (=by) Lee Krasner, and objective genitives like a portrait of a hunter.

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Constructions and Language Change by Bergs, Alexander, Alexander Bergs

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