David Charles provides 14 new essays through best specialists with regards to definition in Greek philosophers from Socrates to Plotinus.
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4 The sort of deﬁnition that Socrates is after is a speciﬁcation of whatever it is about a pious thing (or person5) which makes it pious. 6 It might then be natural to construe ‘by which all pious things are pious’ in terms of identity or of constitution; but there might be other possibilities too. Participation in a Platonic Form, for instance, might resist analysis in these ways without resting on a relation of efﬁcient causation either; if so, a more abstractly speciﬁed analogue of 3 Ó. ÌÝìíÅóÆØ ïsí ‹ôØ ïP ôïFôü óïØ äØåŒåºåıüìÅí, £í ôØ j äýï ìå äØäÜîÆØ ôHí ðïººHí ›óßøí, Iºº KŒåEíï ÆPôe ôe år äïò ﬁz ðÜíôÆ ôa ‹óØÆ ‹óØÜ KóôØí; çÅóŁÆ ªÜæ ðïı ìØA ﬁ NäÝÆ ﬁ ôÜ ôå IíüóØÆ IíüóØÆ år íÆØ ŒÆd ôa ‹óØÆ ‹óØÆ· j ïP ìíÅìïíåýåØò; ¯.
The best deﬁnitions will be phrased in terms which are clear and well understood. While deﬁnitions can be used for various purposes in different contexts, there is not a variety of types of deﬁnition. In Aristotelian terms, their deﬁnitions most resemble accounts of what terms signify. They are not put forward as accounts of the unitary, causally basic essences of the objects or kind signiﬁed. 19 There are important questions about the detail of the Stoic account of deﬁnition, even abstracting from their particular views about preconceptions and conceptions.
What might this basis be? There could be more than one answer to this, but an obvious one is that Plato thinks that the ‘no reason’ option is ruled out by the sort of considerations which are advanced in the modern Euthyphro dilemma. If the gods love the pious for no reason, then they are being arbitrary, whimsical; and this, Plato may think, is unacceptable—indeed, it is just the sort of picture of the gods which was put in doubt earlier in the dialogue,35 and which we will ﬁnd Euthyphro himself committed to rejecting later in the dialogue when he endorses the idea of the gods as perfect and 33 The Religion of Socrates, p.
Definition in Greek Philosophy